78rpm Timeline

Vintage Jazz and Dance Bands 1897-1941

this page first published by John Wright, 28 Dec 2000
last update 2 April 2012vintage@r2ok.co.uk

References: British Dance Bands On Record (Rust/Forbes), Jazz Records (Rust), Memory Lane (articles by Peter Tanner), Chronicle Of Jazz (Mervyn Cooke), German Ragtime and Prehistory of Jazz (Rainer Lotz)

Please e-mail John Wright with any additions, corrections
Jazz and music eventsYearBritish Dance Band Scene


1897 Sousa's Band records ragtime on Berliner and later Victor records
1897 Vess Ossman records ragtime banjo at Edison
1898 Arthur Collins records ragtime songs at Edison
1903 Arthur Pryor's band records ragtime
1909 Victor 's own studio orchestra is recording ragtime and dance records
1910In Storyville, New Orleans, Joe Oliver plays professionally
In New York, James Reece Europe's Clef Club opens to promote interests of black musicians
Sophie Tucker performs 'Some Of These Days'


1898 The Hotel Cecil Orchestra is recorded by Fred Gaisberg on Berliner records
1898 Burt Shepard records ragtime songs with Berliner
1898 Mays and Hunter record banjo duets
1900 Olly Oakley records ragtime banjo on Berliner records
1907 Black Diamonds Band records ragtime on Zonophone
1908 Beka Orchestra records dance records with on Beka label
1909 Bert Bassett record ragtime banjo
Irving Berlin's 'Alexander's Ragtime Band' is published
May Scott Joplin publishes ragtime opera Treemonisha
1911Feb The Gramophone Company's Mayfair Orchestra record dance records on the Zonophone label
Aug Black Diamonds Band record dance records
Oct HMV records dance records by Gottlieb's Orchestra
Aug W.C. Handy publishes Memphis Blues
Kid Ory and Armand Piron are leading bands in New Orleans
1912'Alexander's Ragtime Band' is recorded by bands in London on the HMV, Beka, Dacapo, Pathe, Zonophone record labels, and many vocal recordings.
Sept Columbia label records dance records by Casino Orchestra, directed by Albert Ketelby
Jan Young Louis Armstrong is sent to a waif's home after a shooting incident
Freddie Keppard's Original Creole Band on tour
Dec Jim Europe's Orchestra records in New York
1913May-July Cinch label issues series of ragtime records
W.C. Handy publishes St Louis Blues
Noble Sissle leads band in Indianapolis
Irving Berlin musical Watch Your Step opens in New York starring Vernon and Irene Castle
George Gershwin starts work at music publishers Jerome H. Remick
1914Louis Mitchell's Southern Syncopated Quintet play ragtime in London
Elsie Janis introduces the fox-trot in The Passing Show of 1915
Noble Sissle meets Eubie Blake
Sept Jelly Roll Morton publishes Jelly Roll Blues
1915Apr From Murray's Club, Murray's Ragtime Trio and Murray's Ragtime Banjo Quartet record
Nov Now at the Savoy Hotel, the Savoy Quartet record
Mar Johnny Stein's Dixie Jass band, from New Orleans, performs in Chicago
Jun Nick La Rocca becomes leader, band becomes the Original Dixieland Jass Band
Scott Joplin makes piano rolls of Maple Leaf Rag and others
Joseph C. Smith's Orchestra reside at New York's Hotel Plaza
Jan-Feb Original Dixieland Jazz Band perform in New York and record the first jazz records
Mar George Gershwin working on Broadway
Apr Scott Joplin dies
Sept W.C. Handy Orch. records
1917Feb Louis Mitchell's Syncopated Sextette and the Seven Spades tour Britain
Mar ODJB record Tiger Rag
James Reece Europe's 'Hellfighters' touring France
Joe Oliver moves to Chicago
Louis Armstrong replaces Oliver in Kid Ory's Band
Nov Louis works with Fate Marable's group on the Mississippi riverboats
c.Dec Louisiana Five record for Emerson
Apr The Original Dixieland Jazz Band arrives in Britain and performs at the London Hippodrome and Palladium. Recordings made with Columbia, and some of their 1917 recordings are released in Britain by HMV
The song 'Dardanella' is a best-seller, and will eventually sell over a million records and sheet music
1919Jan Murray Pilcer's Jazz Band recorded for the Edison 'Winner' label, but the music is NOT 'jazz'.
Apr Sam Lanin's Roseland dance Orch first records1920Paul Whiteman appears on the HMV label, with 'Whispering', 'Wang-Wang Blues' etc.
Jack Hylton leads the Queen's Dance Orchestra in London
Aug Phil Napoleon records as Bailey's Lucky Seven, and later as Ladd's Black Aces
c.Aug James P. Johnson records piano solos
NovCalifornia Ramblers' first records
1921Bert Ralton leads the New York Havana Band at the Savoy Hotel
May Queen's Dance Orchestra, led by Jack Hylton, first records.
Oct Havana Band first records.
Zonophone release records by Jack Hylton's Jazz Band
Apr Phil Napoleon begins Original Memphis Five recordings
NORK (Friars Society Orch) first recordings
1922Queen's Orch. credited on records as 'directed by Jack Hylton'
The Savoy Havana Band appear on stage at the Coliseum theatre
Apr King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band first record for Gennett
Jun Jelly Roll Morton records piano solos
1923Mar The orchestras of Paul Whiteman and Paul Specht perform in London.
Debroy Somers leads the Savoy Orpheans
Ambrose and his Embassy Club Orch. record for Columbia
Feb Wolverines, with Bix Beiderbecke, first record for Gennett
Red McKenzie records with the Mound City Blue Blowers
Mar Jean Goldkette's Orchestra records
Apr Coon-Sanders' Original Nighthawk Orchestra record
Oct Louis Armstrong records with Fletcher Henderson
1924Apr Zonophone records 'Midnight Follies Orch', directed by Bert Firman
Regal begins issuing Corona Dance Orchestra records, many are hot US recordings
Nov Henry Hall records at the Midland Hotel Manchester with the Gleneagles Hotel Dance Band
Jan Louis and Bessie Smith record St Louis Blues
May Louis and Fletcher Henderson records Sugarfoot Stomp
Nov Louis Armstrong's Hot Five make first record
Dec Gershwin's Piano Concerto in F
Sidney Bechet and Josephine Baker with Revue Negre in Paris
1925Jan Savoy Orpheans perform concert at Queen's Hall.
first electric HMV recordings made.
Jack Payne's Band at the Hotel Cecil
Kit-Kat Club opens
The bands of Ted Lewis and Vincent Lopez perform in London
June 15th George Gershwin visiting Britain, plays on BBC Broadcast Rhapsody in Blue accompanied by Billy Thorburn
Jimmie Noone leads Apex Club
Sept Jelly Roll Morton and his Red Hot Peppers record for Victor
Sept Annette Hanshaw records with Red Nichols and Miff Mole
Oct Bix records with Jean Goldkette Orch.
Bing Crosby and Al Rinker record with Don Clark Orch. in LA
Dec Bing Crosby makes first records with Paul Whiteman Orch.
1926Jan Lawrence Wright launches the 'Melody Maker' magazine.
Sept 11th Plantation Orchestra in 'Blackbirds' at London Pavilion, featuring Pike Davis-Johnny Dunn(trumpets).
Second visit by Paul Whiteman Orch. featuring George Gershwin playing 'Rhapsody In Blue'.
Noble Sissle and Eubie Blake work in Britain
Jan Miff Mole records with his Molers
Feb Bix records Singin' The Blues with Frank Trumbauer's Orch
Apr Ellington first records Black And Tan Fantasy
Nov Bix Beiderbecke records with His Gang
Dec Frank Teschmacher records with McKenzie and Condon's Chicagoans
Dec Duke Ellington Orch at the Cotton Club
Dec Meade Lux Lewis records Honky Tonk Train Blues
1927Mar Mayfair Hotel opens, featuring Bert Ambrose Orchestra
Mar Fred Elizalde begins dance recordings with Brunswick.
July Jack Jackson joins the Hylton band
Nov first Rhythmic Eight records released by Zonophone
Jan Benny Goodman's Boys record
Feb Dorsey Brothers' Orchestra records
May Jimmie Noone's Apex Club Orch records
Jun Louis Armstrong's Hot Five record West End Blues
1928Jack Payne appointed Director of Dance Music at BBC, and appoints Ray Noble as arranger.
Carroll Gibbons appointed Director of Light Music at HMV
Feb Sylvester Ahola first records with Bert Firman
Ambrose records for HMV, with Lew Stone arrangements.
Aug Sam Browne records with Jack Hylton
Jul Al Bowlly arrives in Britain, records with Fred Elizalde
Mar Handful Of Keys begins Fats Waller's series of piano solo recordings
Jun Film St Louis Blues stars Bessie Smith
Ellington band appear in film short Black and Tan Fantasy
1929May Danny Polo joins Ambrose Orchestra, who switches to the Decca red label
Aug Ray Noble directs the New Mayfair Dance Orchestra
Oct Lionel Hampton his records first vibraphone solo
Ellington records Mood Indigo
Whiteman band apears in film King Of Jazz
Carroll Gibbons working as composer at MGM
1930Mar Spike Hughes records with his Decca-Dents
Mar Ambrose switches back to HMV
Oct Roy Fox band records for Decca
Nov Al Bowlly first records with NMDO
Mar Casa Loma Orch record White Jazz
Aug 6th Bix dies
1931Jan Al Bowlly records with Roy Fox band
Mar CB Cochran's revue opens
U.S. Brunswick recordings on sale again in Britain (numbered 1000-)
May Roy Fox band opens at the Monseigneur Restaurant
Dorchester Hotel opens with Melville Gideon's band
AFM refuse Jack Hylton a U.S. tour
Lew Stone musical director of British and Dominions Films
Aug Sylvester Ahola returns to USA
Oct Ambrose Orch has two weeks on stage at he Palladium
Harry Roy Band at the Leicester Square Theatre (cinema)
Nov Hylton moves to the Decca label
Dec Hylton Band make transatlantic broadcast for Lucky Strike
Feb Ellington records It Don't Mean A Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)
Hughes Panassie founds the Hot Club de France
Filming of Big Broadcast with Bing Crosby
1932JanHenry Hall accepts offer of job as leader of BBC Dace Orchestra
Ray Ventura and his Collegians debut at the Palladium
Mar Henry Hall broadcasts with the BBC Dance Orch
Jack Payne begins recording on Imperial label
Syd Lipton moves to the Grosvenor
Casani Club opens with Charlie Kunz Orch
Sept Nat Gonella issues own records
Oct Lew Stone replaces Roy Fox as bandleader at the Monseigneur, and gets the Tuesday night 10.30pm spot on BBC
Roy Fox sets up band at the Cafe Anglais
Jack Payne filming Say It With Music
Art Tatum begins series of piano solo recordings
Apr Spike Hughes and his Negro Orch record in New York
Jun Ellington band begin first European tour
Nov Billie Holiday's first record (with Benny Goodman Orch)
1933Feb Jack Jackson's new band at the Dorchester
Roy Fox moves to the Kit-Kat Club
Jack Payne touring Europe
June Duke Ellington tours Britain
Jun-AugBilly Cotton records Ellington compositions
Sept Louis Armstrong tours Britain
Nov Jack Hylton's band records 'Ellingtonia'
Nov Lew Stone band moves to Cafe Anglais
Dec Denny Dennis joins Roy Fox band
Hughes Panassie publishes Le Jazz Hot
May Chick Webb's band record Stompin At The Savoy
Downbeat magazine launched
Jimmie Lunceford replaces Cab Calloway at the Cotton Club
1934Mar Lew Stone returned to Monseigneur but it closes in the summer
Cab Calloway flops in Britain
July Kit-Kat Club closes
Joe Venuti British tour
Sept Al Bowlly and Bill Harty join Ray Noble in USA
Sept Alberta Hunter records with Jack Jackson Orch
Nov Nat Gonella & His Georgians record for Parlophone
Jun Ella Fitzgerald begins recording with Chick Webb Orch
Jul Billie Holiday begins recording with Teddy Wilson Orch
Jul Benny Goodman Trio record
Aug Benny Goodman Orch play at the Palomar Ballroom, LA
Sept Jimmy Dorsey Orch records for Decca
Sept Tommy Dorsey Orch records for Victor
Sept Stephane Grapelly and Django Reinhardt record together in Paris
Nov Gene Krupa band records in Chicago, for release in Britain
1935Mar Jack Hylton returns to HMV label
Jun Joe Daniels and his Hot Shots begin recording
Nov Jack Hylton starts long visit to US, Sonny Farrar directs the band in Britain
Charles Delauney publishes Hot Discography
Jul Nat King Cole records with the Solid Swingers
Aug Benny Goodman Quartet record
Sept Nick LaRocca revives the ODJB
1936Benny Carter joins Henry Hall's BBC Orch as arranger
Henry Hall's band travels on maiden voyage of The Queen Mary
Brunswick issue the Classic Swing series, dubbings of early Gennett recordings including King Oliver, The Wolverines, NORK
Crystalate Company introduced their Swing Series on the Vocalion label
May Hilton R. Schleman compiled Rhythm On Record
Aug Jack Hylton returns to Britain
Oct The Swingtette record with Jack Hylton
Dec the idea of The Dance Band, the Organ and Me is born during a radio broadcast by Billy Thorburn and organist Reginald Foort
Mar Billie Holiday works with Count Basie band
Jul Basie records One O'Clock Jump
George Gershwin dies
Sep Nat King Cole Trio performs
Bessie Smith dies
1937Jan Al Bowlly leaves Ray Noble band and returns to Britain
Decca aquired Crystalate
Sept Last performance by Henry Hall's BBC Dance Orch
Jan Benny Goodman performs at Carnegie Hall
First Commmodore records made
Apr King Oliver dies
May Jelly Roll Morton begins Library Of Congress recordings
Jul Artie Shaw records Begin the Beguine
Dec Benny Goodman records Bach Goes To Town
Carnegie Hall concert From Spirituals To Swing produced by John Hammond
1938Aug Fats Waller British tour
Mar Glenn Miller band performs at Glen Island Casino
Apr Glenn Miller records Moonlight Serenade
Billie Holiday records Strange Fruit
Jul Frank Sinatra records with Harry James Orch
Aug Benny Goodman hires guitarist Charlie Christian
Glenn Miller records In The Mood
1939May Jack Hylton sessions involves Coleman Hawkins and Fletcher Henderson
1940May RAF Dance Orchestra records for Decca
June Anne Shelton records and broadcasts with Ambrose Orch
BBC inaugurates Radio Rhythm Club later led by Harry Parry
1941Ken 'Snakehips' Johnson and Dave Williams killed at the Cafe de Paris during enemy bombing
Apr Al Bowlly dies during an air raid
Nov HMV recorded Britain's 'first public jazz session'

feedback needed

return to the Personalities page

return to the Welcome page